Navigating Dog Resource Guarding: Tips and Techniques

Dog happily sharing a toy, demonstrating positive behavior training against resource guarding
Dog happily sharing a toy, demonstrating positive behavior training against resource guarding

Resource guarding is a behavior exhibited by dogs when they feel the need to protect their food, toys, or any other valuable resource from others. While this might seem daunting for pet companions, understanding the root causes and employing the right strategies can significantly improve the situation. Let’s dive into the what, why, and how of managing dog resource guarding, ensuring a happy and safe environment for both you and your pet.

Understanding Resource Guarding

What Is Resource Guarding?

Resource guarding refers to behaviors such as growling, snapping, or biting to protect possessions from being taken away by others. This can occur in various contexts, including food, toys, sleeping areas, or even humans.

Why Do Dogs Guard Resources?

The behavior is rooted in instinct. In the wild, guarding resources from others could mean the difference between survival and starvation. While domestic dogs are not in the wild, the instinct can still manifest, especially in dogs that have experienced scarcity or competition for resources in the past.

Signs of Resource Guarding

  • Growling, Snapping, or Biting: These are clear signs your dog is uncomfortable and trying to communicate a boundary.
  • Body Language: Stiffening, glaring, or blocking access to a resource can be early signs of guarding behavior.
  • Hiding or Hoarding: Some dogs may hide or hoard items they perceive as valuable to protect them from perceived threats.

Strategies for Managing Resource Guarding

1. Early Socialization and Training:

Introduce your dog to a variety of situations, people, and other animals early on. Positive reinforcement training can help them learn to share and reduce guarding behaviors.

2. Desensitization and Counterconditioning:

Gradually expose your dog to the situations that trigger guarding while associating these triggers with positive outcomes. For example, approach your dog while they’re eating and add a tasty treat to their bowl, reinforcing that someone approaching means good things happen.

3. “Leave It” and “Drop It” Commands:

Teach your dog commands like “leave it” and “drop it” to manage situations where they might guard resources. Reward them generously for compliance to reinforce these behaviors.

4. Managing the Environment:

Prevent resource guarding from developing by managing your dog’s environment. Ensure they have ample resources, so they don’t feel the need to guard what they have.

5. Professional Help:

If resource guarding escalates or is severe, consulting a professional dog trainer or behaviorist is crucial. They can provide tailored strategies and support for your dog’s specific needs.


Navigating dog resource guarding requires patience, understanding, and consistent training. By recognizing the signs early and employing effective management strategies, you can mitigate these behaviors and foster a more peaceful and happy environment for your furry companion. Remember, every dog is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Stay patient, keep trying different strategies, and don’t hesitate to seek professional help if needed.